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A short history of the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC).


The origin of the EPC can be found in the Kyoto Procol, Japan followed by the the Buildings Energy Performance Directive (EPBD).


Whilst there had been earlier attempts to address Climate Change and Global Energy consumption, it was the Kyoto Protocol that gained wider acceptance that change was needed.


The Kyoto Protocol In 1997 World Leaders adopted the Kyoto Protocol requiring rich countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to 5.2% below the 1990 level, calculated as an average over the period 2008-2012.

Under the Kyoto Protocol the rich countries have different targets, that in sum adds up to a reduction of 5.2%.

However, a large number of climate specialists believe that even if the 5.2% Kyoto reduction target is reached, it will not have a great impact on global warming.


But the Kyoto Protocol is a very important first step for the world in fighting climate change.


Some useful lnks:


The European Union had also worked on its own initiatives regarding energy usage.


In August 1985, the European Commission published an internal discussion document stating that 40% of all energy use in the EU is related to buildings. In the document, the Commission outlined a number of policy options.

This internal paper of DG Energy (ref: XVII-E-1) was the first positive step towards the EBPD. Since then, the EC has published many studies and documents. It also succeeded in adopting several Directives on energy performance.


The EPBD is European legislation that followed the Kyoto Procol.


The Buildings Energy Performance Directive 1 (EPBD) was approved on 16 December 2002 and brought into force on 4 January 2003.

The principal objective of the Directive is to promote the improvement of the energy performance of buildings within the EU through cost-effective measures. There are four main aspects to the EPBD.


1) Establishment of a calculation methodology: Member States must implement a methodology for the calculation of the energy performance of buildings, taking account of all factors that influence energy use;


2) Minimum energy performance requirements: there must be regulations that set minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings and for large existing buildings when they are refurbished;


3) Energy Performance Certificate: there must be an energy performance certificate made available whenever buildings are constructed, sold or rented out;


4) Inspections of boilers and air-conditioning: there must be regulations to require inspections of boilers and heating systems (or an alternative system of providing advice), and inspection of air conditioning systems.


The UK has used EPBD guide lines and developed a methodology for EPC production and a regime in which issued EPCs are of the correct standard.